If you’re seeing patches of skin that just aren’t the same coloring as the rest of your skin, you might be struggling with hyperpigmentation. This skin condition can affect any age or skin type and appears as patchy brown spots, similar to the look of large freckles. It can appear as smaller, localized patches, or larger, more diffuse spots.

Don’t be too startled if you start seeing these spots on your skin because hyperpigmentation is actually a common problem.

We're making it easy and affordable to find a dermatologist that can diagnose the problem, the cause, and help find the right treatment for you!

So What Actually Causes Hyperpigmentation?

There are a number of reasons you might be dealing with hyperpigmentation. Unfortunately, some folks are more pre-disposed to this problem than others, especially people who have more melanin in their skin.

  • Systemic Conditions. Generally speaking, systemic conditions, such as autoimmune diseases and metabolic disorders, are most likely the cause of diffuse hyperpigmentation.
  • Direct Injury Or Inflammation. A fairly common cause of hyperpigmentation is injury to the skin. Anything from UV damage, acne spots, and even harsh chemicals can trigger inflammation that signals melanocytes to produce more brown melanin pigment. It’s just a part of the immune system response to these injuries.
  • Hormonal Causes. As if there weren’t enough side effects of pregnancy, the hormone shifts that accompany pregnancy can also cause hyperpigmentation (sometimes called the mask of pregnancy). Hormone changes from the pill can also be a cause.
  • Medications And Chemotherapy. Certain medications can cause this excess of melanin to appear in spots on the skin.
  • Excessive Sun Exposure. Too much sun can also cause an increase in melanin, creating hyperpigmentation.

How Do I Treat Hyperpigmentation?

Although there are some home therapies for hyperpigmentation, you’ll get the best results by consulting with a dermatologist for an individualized treatment plan. As a CosmeticPerks Member, you'll have access to board-certified dermatologists and licensed providers that will determine which treatment is best for you.

    • Fraxel Laster Technology is a non-invasive procedure that stimulates collagen production to treat sun damage, pigmentation, and wrinkles.
    • IPL or Intense Pulsed Light is a form of photo rejuvenation that treats sunspots and hyperpigmentation. There are very few side effects and little recovery time.
    • YAG is a non-ablative laser treatment that can penetrate the skin’s surface without causing damage to the outer layer of skin.
  • Chemical Peels. TCA peels are a light chemical peel that can effectively reduce discolorations, although it does take one to two weeks for redness to subside.
  • Microdermabrasion. Microdermabrasion is a treatment that helps to diminish the appearance of superficial scarring that contributes to hyperpigmentation.
  • Topical Treatments. Topical treatments include prescription-strength retinoids and azelaic acid that can be prescribed by your dermatologist.
  • Of course, prevention is the best treatment. Use a sunscreen, such as Elta MD UV Facial Broad-Spectrum SPF 30+ on a daily basis. Also, wear hats and avoid being in direct sunlight between 10a.m. and 4p.m.

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